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Breeding Goals

The basic objective of plant breeding is to make cultivated plants meet human requirements. Each process of selection is an interference into the genome of a plant.

High yield and better adaptation to mechanisation were major breeding goals in the 1970s.

The 1980s and 1990s saw increased resistance to insect pests and diseases, and improved processing capability gain importance. Enhanced nutritional quality, low-input varieties and uses in the non-food area are the challenges for today.
A summary of breeding goals:
  • Yield
  • Quality
  • Resistance to diseases (fungi, viruses, bacteria) and pests (insects, nematodes)
  • Nutrient efficiency
  • Agronomic traits and other traits important to breeding


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